Primula vulgaris Huds.
English Primrose, Common Primrose, Wild Primrose
Primula acaulis, Primula veris var. acaulis
Color: Typically pale yellow
Bloom Time: Late winter or early spring
Primula vulgaris is a perennial growing up to 12 inches (30 cm), with a basal rosette of leaves that are more-or-less evergreen in favored habitats. The leaves are up to 10 inches (25 cm) long and up to 2.2 inches (6 cm) broad, often heavily wrinkled, with an irregularly crenate to dentate margin, and a usually short leaf stem. The delicately scented flowers are up to 1.6 inches (4 cm) in diameter, borne singly on short slender stems. The flowers are typically pale yellow, though white or pink forms are often seen in nature.
How to Grow and Care
Potted indoor Primulas are a delightful way to usher out winter or welcome in the spring. They are available in a wide range of striking colors, forming a mass of flowers. Most people prefer the taller, upright delicate Primulas indoors, but even a pot of common Primula is an excellent addition. Extend the flowering season by pinching off dying buds. After the plant has done blooming, consider moving it outside. While inside, do not overwater; wilting even though the plant is getting water is a sign of root rot.
It's unlikely you'll be repotting your potted Primula. If you do, make sure not to bury them too deep—burying too deep is a prime reason Primula succumb. Bury the plants, so the top of the root ball is slightly elevated above the level of the surrounding soil. Never pile soil up around the stem of a flowering plant.
They are propagated from seeds, which are sown directly in soil or potting media. Most pots of indoors Primula are purchased as flowering plants, destined to be set atop a desk, sill, or table until they're done flowering. See more at How to Grow and Care for Primula.
Native to western and southern Europe (from the Faroe Islands and Norway south to Portugal, and east to Germany, Ukraine, the Crimea, and the Balkans), northwest Africa (Algeria), and southwest Asia (Turkey east to Iran).