Punica granatum (Pomegranate)

Scientific Name

Punica granatum L.

Common Names



Punica nana

Scientific Classification

Family: Lythraceae
Genus: Punica


Color:  Bright red
Bloom Time: July to August


Punica granatum is a shrub or a small tree, up to 32.8 feet (10 m) tall. The leaves are opposite or sub-opposite, glossy, narrow oblong, entire, up to 2.8 inches (7 cm) long and 0.8 inches (2 cm) wide. The flowers are bright red, up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) in diameter, with four to five petals. The edible fruit is up to 4.7 inches (12 cm) in diameter with a rounded hexagonal shape and has thick reddish skin. The number of seeds can vary from 200 to about 1400 seeds.

Punica granatum - Pomegranate

How to Grow and Care

The Pomegranate shrub is somewhat drought tolerant and also salt tolerant. It is perfect for the sunniest and warmest locations in the yard that might scorch other plants. Pomegranate flowers can be used along with other annuals, perennials, shrubs and trees that attract hummingbirds. The pomegranate is a popular choice for bonsai. The bark is a red-brown color, and branches may have spines.

Pomegranate may be grown in part shade as necessary, but ideally should be placed somewhere with as much sun and warmth as possible. The Pomegranate is drought tolerant, though irrigation is needed for proper fruit production, per the California Rare Fruit Growers. Water every 2 to 4 weeks during the dry season when you are establishing new shrubs. The optimal areas for this fruit are USDA Hardiness Zones 7-10. It is thought to come from Iran initially. The Pomegranate does best in well-drained soil, though it is able to thrive in a wide variety of soils from acid loam to alkaline soil… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Pomegranate.


Native from Iran to the Himalayas in northern India.


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