Cirsium pyrenaicum (Jacq.) All.
Carduus jacquinii, Carduus paniculatus, Carduus pyrenaicus, Cirsium castellanum, Cirsium flavispina, Cirsium matritense, Cirsium paniculatum, Cirsium pyrenaicum subsp. pyrenaicum, Cirsium pyrenaicum var. pyrenaicum, Cnicus pyrenaicus
Bloom Time: June to July
Cirsium pyrenaicum is a rhizomatous perennial plant that grows up to 5 feet (1.5 m) tall. Leaves are green, lance-shaped with spiny edges. Flowers are purplish and appear from June to July.
USDA hardiness zone 3a to 8b: from −40 °F (−40 °C) to 20 °F (−6.7 °C).
How to Grow and Care
The seeds of Cirsium can be sown in either autumn or after the last frost of spring. They should be sown at a depth of 0.12 inches (3 mm). If grown indoors first, then Cirsium takes about 2 to 3 weeks to germinate at 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit (21 to 24 degrees Celsius). The seedlings should be planted out in early spring when it is still possible to get a frost with a spacing of about 2 feet (60 cm).
Cirsium thrives in full sun and poor, average, or reach soil that is moist but well-drained. Plants require little care, but deadheading limits their tendency to self-sow. They generally self-sow only in moderation, and unlike weedy thistles, the seedlings are easy to pull up. Use Thistles in mixed beds, herb gardens, or meadow-like plantings. See more at How to Grow and Care for Thistles (Cirsium).
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