Kalmia microphylla (Hook.) A. Heller
Alpine Laurel, Alpine Bog Laurel, Bog Laurel, Western Bog Laurel, Western Laurel, Swamp Laurel, Western Swamp Laurel
Kalmia glauca var. microphylla, Kalmia polifolia var. microphylla, Kalmia polifolia subsp. microphylla
Color: Pink or purple
Bloom Time: Summer
Kalmia microphylla is a short, perennial shrub up to 2 feet (60 cm) tall. The leaves are oppositely attached and are not deciduous. They are distinctly lanceolate in shape with rolled leaf edges, leathery texture, and dark green color. Its branches and twigs are fuzzy in early growth and then during maturity become smooth and reddish-brown to grayish in color. The flowers are pink or purple, bell-shaped, held within five fused petals that open in the shape of a cup. The fruits are small, green and hard, 5-parted capsules.
USDA hardiness zone 3a to 9b: from −40 °F (−40 °C) to 30 °F (−1.1 °C).
How to Grow and Care
Mountain Laurel is hardy to zone 5. In colder areas, it will need to be protected in winter with burlap barriers to block the winter wind.
Purchase plants from your local garden center. Look for the hardiest varieties for cold areas. Plant shrubs from spring to summer, after all the danger of frost has passed, in well-drained, moist, acidic, cool soils. Avoid windy areas, if possible. Space plants 4 to 6 feet (1.2 to 1.8 m) apart.
Keep young shrubs well watered. Keep the soil evenly moist and acidic with a layer of wood chips or evergreen bark mulch. Fertilize mountain laurel in spring with plant food for acidic-loving plants such as you'd use for Rhododendrons.
Mountain Laurel will get spindly, develop leaf spots and have few flowers if grown in too much shade. Look for leaf spot resistant varieties if growing under these conditions. It also doesn't grow well in poorly drained soils. It's a slow grower that should only be pruned to shape the plant in spring after flowering. Dead, diseased and broken branches can be taken out at any time. Mountain laurel doesn't have many pest problems… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Mountain Laurel
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