Magnolia champaca (Champak)

Scientific Name

Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. ex Pierre

Common Names



Michelia champaca (basionym), Magnolia membranacea, Michelia champaca var. champaca, Michelia champaea, Michelia tsiampacca, Michelia tsiampacca var. champaca

Scientific Classification

Family: Magnoliaceae
Subfamily: Magnolioideae
Genus: Magnolia


Color: Cream to yellow-orange
Bloom Time: June to September


Magnolia champaca is a large evergreen tree that grows up to 164 feet (50 m) tall. Its trunk can be up to 6.2 feet (1.9 m) in diameter. The tree has a narrow umbelliform crown. It has strongly fragrant flowers in varying shades of cream to yellow-orange. They appear from June to September. The obovoid-ellipsoid carpels produce 2 to 4 seeds from September to October.

Magnolia champaca (Champak)
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USDA hardiness zone 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Although different species of Magnolia can tolerate slightly different conditions. In general, they will do best with slightly acidic, moist, loose, well-draining soil. To mimic Magnolia's natural conditions, amend heavy soil with peat moss and compost. Grow best in Zones 7-10, depending on variety, with a few cultivars hardy to zone 5. Full sun to partial shade. Moist, peaty soil can help Magnolias tolerate full sun. If you're pushing the limits of cold tolerance, avoid planting Magnolias in southern exposure since the leaves can be damaged by winter sun and flowers may open prematurely. Magnolias benefit from irrigation in the first few years, and then they are tolerant of moderate drought.

They need room to grow to their full mature size and width. While looking small when first planted, over time, they'll grow to fill up space.

Some Magnolia varieties don't bloom until 15 years old, so be sure to choose one that fits your needs and expectations. Grafted plants (rather than seed-grown) bloom sooner. See more at How to Grow and Care for Magnolias.


Native to the Indomalaya ecozone, consisting of south Asia, Southeast Asia (Indochina), and southern China.



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