Magnolia champaca (Champak)

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Scientific Name

Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. ex Pierre

Common Names

Champak

Synonyms

Michelia champaca (basionym), Magnolia membranacea, Michelia champaca var. champaca, Michelia champaea, Michelia tsiampacca, Michelia tsiampacca var. champaca

Scientific Classification

Family: Magnoliaceae
Subfamily: Magnolioideae
Genus: Magnolia

Flower

Color: Cream to yellow-orange
Bloom Time: June to September

Description

Magnolia champaca is a large evergreen tree up to 164 feet (50 m) tall. Its trunk can be up to 6.2 feet (1.9 m) in diameter. The tree has a narrow umbelliform crown. It has strongly fragrant flowers in varying shades of cream to yellow-orange, during June to September. The obovoid-ellipsoid carpels produce 2 to 4 seeds during September to October.

Photo via uniprot.org

Hardiness

USDA hardiness zone 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Although different species of Magnolia can tolerate slightly different conditions. In general they will do best with slightly acidic, moist, loose, well-draining soil. To mimic Magnolia’s natural conditions, amend heavy soil with peat moss and compost. Grow best in Zones 7-10, depending on variety, with a few cultivars hardy to zone 5. Full sun to partial shade. Moist, peaty soil can help Magnolias tolerate full sun. If you’re pushing the limits of cold tolerance, avoid planting Magnolias in southern exposure since the leaves can be damaged by winter sun and flowers may open prematurely. Magnolias benefit from irrigation the first few years, then they are tolerant of moderate drought.

They need room to grow to their full mature size and width. While looking small when first planted, over time they’ll grow to fill up the space.

Some varieties of Magnolia don’t bloom until 15 years old, so be sure to choose one that’s fits your needs and expectations. Grafted plants (rather than seed-grown) bloom sooner… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Magnolias

Origin

Native to the Indomalaya ecozone, consisting of south Asia, Southeast Asia (Indochina), and southern China.

Subspecies, Varieties, Forms, Cultivars and Hybrids

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