Narcissus jonquilla (Jonquil)

Scientific Name

Narcissus jonquilla L.

Common Names

Jonquil, Wild Jonquil, Rush Daffodil


Hermione jonquilla, Hermione juncifolia, Hermione similis, Jonquilla juncifolia, Jonquilla odora, Narcissus juncifolius, Narcissus similis, Philogyne minor, Queltia jonquilla, Queltia juncifolia, Tityrus jonquilla

Scientific Classification

Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Tribe: Narcisseae
Genus: Narcissus


Color: Golden yellow
Bloom Time: Late spring


Narcissus jonquilla is a bulbous perennial plant. It grows up to 12 inches (30 cm) tall and features 1 to 5, usually fragrant flowers per stem. Each flower has spreading perianth segments (petals) and a small corona (cup). The flower color is golden yellow. It is a late-flowering species and blooms in late spring. Narrow, rush-like, dark green leaves appear in upright clumps of 2-4.

Narcissus jonquilla - Jonquil
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How to Grow and Care

For established plants, place them in bright light as on an east or south windowsill. Bulbs that have not sprouted should be kept away from direct sunlight until new growth emerges, and the plants are established.

Many people start Narcissus from bulbs. If you're doing this, plant the bulbs in moist potting media with the pointed end facing up. Keep the soil continuously moist, but not soaking. They can also be grown directly in stones or gravel by suspending or anchoring the bulbs in the substrate and adding just enough water to reach the base of the bulb. In all cases, it's crucial to avoid letting the body of the bulb become saturated or sit in water–it will quickly rot. New growth should emerge within a few days to a few weeks after planting, depending on the temperature. The bloom should follow in 4-6 weeks.

Bulbs can be planted in regular potting soil or pebbles or clay. The key is to keep the balance of moisture right: they should have constant moisture, but never be soaked. See more at How to Grow and Care for Narcissus.


Native to Spain and Portugal, but has now become naturalized in many other regions.


BACK TO genus Narcissus
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