Polygonatum multiflorum (Solomon's Seal)

Scientific Name

Polygonatum multiflorum (L.) All.

Common Names

Solomon's Seal, Common Solomon's Seal, David's Harp, Ladder-to-heaven, Eurasian Solomon's Seal


Convallaria multiflora (basionym), Convallaria ambigua, Convallaria bracteata, Convallaria broteroi, Convallaria govaniana, Polygonatum ambiguum, Polygonatum bracteatum, Polygonatum govanianum, Polygonatum gussonei, Polygonatum intermedium, Polygonatum salamonis

Scientific Classification

Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Polygonatum


Color: White and green
Bloom Time: June


Polygonatum multiflorum is a rhizomatous perennial that grows up to 3 feet (90 cm) tall and up to 10 inches (25 cm) wide, with alternate leaves on arching stems. The flowers are slightly necked, pendent, tubular, white, with green tips, hanging from the undersides of the stems.

Polygonatum multiflorum - Solomon's Seal
Photo via panoramio.com


USDA hardiness zone 4a to 8b: from −30 °F (−34.4 °C) to 20 °F (−6.7 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Plants are usually started by transplants or rhizomes. Seeds of Polygonatum can take up to 2 years to sprout so that you will get some seeding in established plantings.

Solomon's Seal like a rich organic soil with a pH in acidic to the neutral zone. They need some shade to thrive truly. The damp shade is even better, although once established, they are quite a drought-tolerant. Plants can be started in the spring or fall. Plant only 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 cm) deep and about 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7.5 cm) apart.

Solomon's Seal seldom needs division. It takes several years before a clump is large enough to divide for propagation purposes. When ready, divide in early spring or fall and leave several buds on each division, for the best success. The rhizomes can be divided even further, but it will take longer for them to become established. Another option is to remove and plant just the offsets at the out edges of a clump. See more at How to Grow and Care for Solomon's Seal.


Native to Europe and temperate Asia.


Photo Gallery

Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates.

We participate in the Amazon Services, LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliate sites.