Rosa rubiginosa (Sweet Briar Rose)

Scientific Name

Rosa rubiginosa L.

Common Names

Sweet Briar, Sweet Briar Rose, Sweet Brier, Eglantine, Eglantine Rose


Chabertia rubiginosa, Laggeria eglanteria, Rosa x almeriensis, Rosa x braunii, Rosa eglanteria, Rosa floribunda, Rosa moutinii, Rosa rugibinosa, Rosa uliginosa

Scientific Classification

Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Genus: Rosa


Color: Pink with a white base
Bloom Time: Late spring to mid-summer


Rosa rubiginosa is a dense deciduous shrub, up to 10 feet (3 m) tall and about the same in diameter, with stems that bear numerous hooked prickles. The foliage has a strong apple-like fragrance. The leaves are pinnate, up to 3.6 inches (9 cm) long, with 5 to 9 rounded to oval leaflets with a serrated margin, and numerous glandular hairs. The flowers are up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) in diameter, the five petals being pink with a white base, and the numerous stamens yellow. The flowers are produced in clusters of 2 to 7 together, from late spring to mid-summer. The fruit is a globose to oblong red hip, up to 0.8 inches (2 cm) diameter.

Rosa rubiginosa - Sweet Briar Rose
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USDA hardiness zone 4a to 9b: from −30 °F (−34.4 °C) to 30 °F (−1.1 °C).

How to Grow and Care

When growing roses, it's important to choose a site receiving at least 6 hours of sun each day. Rose bushes must also be located in well-drained, fertile soil. Plant dormant roses in early spring (or fall). Potted plants can be planted any time between spring and fall, but preferably spring.

If you're planting bare-root roses, presoak them in water for at least 24 hours before placing them in the ground.

Both bare root and potted rose bushes need to be planted about 2 feet (60 cm) deep, with the hole large enough to accommodate the roots. Backfill the hole with soil, adding some well-rotted manure in with it and water thoroughly. Then mound up additional soil around the base of the plant. Note that this is not necessary for actively growing roses.

Caring for rose bushes is important to their overall health and vigor, especially when it comes to watering. Roses require at least an inch (2.5 cm) of water weekly throughout their growing season, beginning in spring or following spring planting. See more at How to Grow and Care for Roses.


Native to Europe and western Asia.


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