Camellia reticulata (Yunnan Camellia)

Scientific Name

Camellia reticulata Lindl.

Common Names

To-tsubaki, Yunnan Camellia

Synonyms

Camellia albescens, Camellia albosericea, Camellia bailinshanica, Camellia bambusifolia, Camellia borealiyunnanica, Camellia brevicolumna, Camellia brevigyna, Camellia brevipetiolata, Camellia chunii, Camellia heterophylla, Camellia huiliensis, Camellia jinshajiangica, Camellia kangdianica, Camellia kweichowensis, Camellia lanosituba, Camellia oligophlebia, Camellia paucipetala, Camellia pentapetala, Camellia pentaphylacoides, Camellia pentaphylax, Camellia phelloderma, Camellia stichoclada, Camellia subliberopetala, Camellia xichangensis, Camellia xylocarpa, Desmitus reticulata, Thea reticulata, Yunnanea xylocarpa

Scientific Classification

Family: Theaceae
Subfamily: Cactoideae
Tribe: Cacteae
Genus: Camellia

Flower

Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Late winter to mid spring

Description

Camellia reticulata is a loosely branched shrub or small tree, up to 50 feet (15 m) tall. The leaves are elliptic to oblong-elliptic, up to 4.4 inches (11 cm) long and up to 2.2 inches (5.5 cm) wide. The flowers are up to 4 inches (10 cm) in diameter, soft-pink to deep-pink and rarely almost white, with 5 to 7 petals and are produced in sub-terminal or axillary positions on the branch. The fruit is a light brown, three-segmented capsule, up to 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter that ripens in the fall.

Camellia reticulata - Yunnan Camellia
Photo via hiveminer.com

Hardiness

USDA hardiness zone 8a to 10b: from 10 °F (−12.2 °C) to 40 °F (+4.4 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Choose a large rugged pot, terracotta, wood or stone, and part fill with ericaceous compost and then add your plant and back fill so that the level of the pot is level with the soil. Water well, preferably with water taken from a water butt. If you do use tap water, which tends to be alkaline, allow it to stand for a morning first.

Re-pot every other year into fresh potting compost. In the intervening years remove the top 2 inches (5 cm) of compost and add fresh compost. You can re-pot back into the same pot if you trim off up to a third of the roots to make room for fresh potting compost, or go up into a larger pot. This regime will keep your Camellia happy.

Camellias are fast-growing tap-rotted plants and the new growth can snap off in windy positions so staking is advisable for the first few years until the Camellia becomes bushy. They do tolerate windy conditions however, once established, and are often used as windbreaks in gardens where they thrive… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Camellia.

Origin

Native to southwestern China, in Yunnan Province.

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