Lamium album (White Dead Nettle)

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Scientific Name

Lamium album L.

Common Names

White Dead Nettle, White Nettle

Synonyms

Lamium album subsp. album, Lamium brachyodon, Lamium capitatum, Lamium dumeticola, Lamium hyrcanicum, Lamium niveum, Lamium parietariifolium, Lamium sempervirens, Lamium transcaucasicum, Lamium turkestanicum, Lamium vulgatum

Scientific Classification

Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Lamioideae
Tribe: Echinocereeae
Genus: Lamium

Flower

Color: White
Bloom Time: Late spring to late summer

Description

Lamium album is a herbaceous perennial plant growing up to 3.3 feet (1 m) tall, with green, four-angled stems. The leaves are up to 3.2 inches (8 cm) long and up to 2 inches (5 cm) wide, triangular with a rounded base, softly hairy, and with a serrated margin and a petiole up to 2 inches (5 cm) long. The flowers are white, produced in whorls on the upper part of the stem. The individual flowers are up to 1 inches (2.5 cm) long.

Photo via plantsam.com

Hardiness

USDA hardiness zone 5a to 9b: from −20 °F (−28.9 °C) to 30 °F (−1.1 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Lamium is undemanding and easy to grow in partial to fully shaded locations. It prefers well-drained soil but will do fine in dry shade if you provide it with regular watering. A member of the mint family, Lamium spreads quickly, is self-seeding, and will rapidly create a groundcover wherever it is planted. Its brittle, fragile stems help keep it from becoming aggressively invasive and also allow bulbs and other perennials to penetrate its foliage.

In regions with cold winters, Lamium is deciduous. In milder climates, it is semi-evergreen. In either case, cut back shabby foliage after the first frost to make way for new growth in the spring. In midsummer, after the blooming period is over, prune plants back by one-third to help prevent them from becoming too invasive. The midsummer shearing also encourages a second blooming period in September. Not terribly picky, spotted Dead Nettles do just fine in average, well-drained soil. There is no need to apply fertilizer, as this can encourage them to become too robust and invasive… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Lamium

Origin

Native throughout Europe  and Asia.

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