Lavandula angustifolia (English Lavender)

Scientific Name

Lavandula angustifolia Mill.

Common Names

Lavender, English Lavender, True Lavender, Common Lavender, Garden Lavender, Narrow-leaved Lavender


Lavandula angustifolia subsp. angustifolia, Lavandula delphinensis, Lavandula fragrans, Lavandula minor, Lavandula officinalis, Lavandula spica var. angustifolia, Lavandula vera var. angustifolia, Lavandula vulgaris

Scientific Classification

Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Ocimeae
Genus: Lavandula


Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Mid and late summer


Lavandula angustifolia is a compact, bushy shrub with narrow, aromatic, grey-green leaves. It grows up to 3.3 feet (1 m) tall and about the same in width. In mid and late summer, it produces long, unbranched stalks carrying short, dense spikes of fragrant, pale to deep purple flowers.

Lavandula angustifolia - English Lavender
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USDA hardiness zone 5a to 8b: from −20 °F (−28.9 °C) to 20 °F (−6.7 °C).

How to Grow and Care

As with most plants, your success in growing this coveted plant will depend both on what kind of growing conditions you can provide and which varieties you select to grow. Lavender plants will tolerate many growing conditions, but they thrive in warm, well-drained soil and full sun.

Like many plants grown for their essential oils, lean soil will encourage a higher concentration of oils. An alkaline or especially chalky soil will enhance lavender's fragrance.

Although most Lavenders are labeled hardy in USDA Zones 5 – 9, while you can grow Lavender in USDA Hardiness Zone 5, you will unlikely have a Lavender hedge. More realistically, you can expect to have plants that will do well when the weather cooperates and to experience the occasional loss of a plant or two after a severe winter or a wet, humid summer. See more at How to Grow and Care for Lavender.


Native to the Old World, found from Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, and southwest Asia to southeast India.



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