Lilium candidum (Madonna Lily)

Scientific Name

Lilium candidum L.

Common Names

Madonna Lily


Lilium album, Lilium peregrinum, Lilium striatum

Scientific Classification

Family: Liliaceae
Subfamily: Lilioideae
Tribe: Lilieae
Genus: Lilium


Color: White
Bloom Time: Summer


Lilium candidum is a perennial with stems up to 6 feet (1.8 m) in height and glossy dark green, scattered leaves. The flowers are fragrant, trumpet-shaped, pure white up to 3.2 inches (8 cm) long and are carried in terminal racemes of up to 8 inches (20 cm).

Lilium candidum - Madonna Lily
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USDA hardiness zone 3a to 7b: from −40 °F (−40 °C) to 10 °F (−12.2 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Though lilies look like they'd be fussy plants, they are actually very easy to grow. They're not particular about soil type or pH and they grow well in full sun, part sun, dappled shade and even light shade.

Plant lilies as soon as you get them, either in the fall or the spring. Because the bulbs lack the papery covering (known as a "tunic") that is common to other hardy bulbs, they can dry out quickly in storage.

Even more than other bulbs, lilies demand well-drained soil. Dig the spot where you plan to plant lilies to a depth of at least 12 inches (30 cm), remove rocks and add organic matter, such as leaf mold or peat moss to improve both the soil's structure and drainage. Like other bulbs, lilies appreciate a little bone meal scratched in at the bottom of the planting hole, but do not really require other fertilizers at planting time. Instead, wait until the bulbs send up green leaves and then sprinkle a complete organic fertilizer around the plant and water it in… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Lilies.


Native to the Balkans and Middle East.


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