Polygonatum biflorum – Smooth Solomon’s Seal


Scientific Name

Polygonatum biflorum Elliott

Common Names

Smooth Solomon’s Seal, Great Solomon’s Seal, Solomon’s Seal, American Solomon’s Seal, King Solomon’s Seal


Polygonatum biflorum f. biflorum, Convallaria biflora, Polygonatum multiflorum var. biflorum, Salomonia biflora, Sigillaria biflora

Scientific Classification

Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Polygonatum


Color: Greenish yellow
Bloom Time: Spring


Polygonatum biflorum is a rhizomatous, upright, arching wildflower. Typically grows in a mound up to 3 feet (90 cm) tall on unbranched stems. Small, bell-shaped, greenish yellow flowers (usually in pairs) on short pedicels dangle in spring from the leaf axils along and underneath the arching stems. Flowers are followed by blue-black berries in autumn. Conspicuously parallel-veined, alternate leaves up to 4 inches (10 cm) long, are smooth on both sides and turn an attractive yellow in fall.


USDA hardiness zone 3a to 8b: from −40 °F (−40 °C) to 20 °F (−6.7 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Plants are usually started by transplants or rhizomes. Seeds of Polygonatum can take up to 2 years to sprout, so you will get some seeding in established plantings.

Solomon’s Seal like a rich organic soil with a pH in the acidic to neutral zone. They need some shade to truly thrive. Damp shade is even better, although once established, they are quite drought tolerant. Plants can be started in the spring or fall. Plant only 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 cm) deep and about 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7.5 cm) apart.

Solomon’s Seal seldom needs division. It takes several years before a clump is large enough to divide for propagation purposes. When ready, divide in early spring or fall and leave several buds on each division, for the best success. The rhizomes can be divided even further, but it will take longer for them to become established. Another option is to remove and plant just the offsets at the out edges of a clump… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Solomon’s Seal


Native to eastern and central North America.


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