Tulipa sprengeri (Sprenger Tulip)

Scientific Name

Tulipa sprengeri Baker

Common Names

Sprenger Tulip, Sprenger's Tulip


Tulipa brachyanthera

Scientific Classification

Family: Liliaceae
Subfamily: Lilioideae
Tribe: Tulipeae
Genus: Tulipa


Color: Pink and white
Bloom Time: Spring season


Tulipa sprengeri is a bulbous perennial with glossy, bright green leaves and solitary, goblet-shaped, bright red flowers. The stem is usually up to 12 inches (30 cm), sometimes up to 16 inches (40 cm) long. There is only one flower per bulb. The buds are upright and bright green. Flowers appear in late spring to early summer.

Tulipa sprengeri - Sprenger Tulip
Photo via wikipedia.org


USDA Hardiness Zone 3a to 9b: from −40 °F (−40 °C) to 30 °F (−1.1 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Tulips need a chilling period and are planted in the fall. Planting depth should be about three times the bulb's diameter; small bulbs will be about 5 to 6 inches (12.5 to 15 cm)deep, larger bulbs 8 to 10 inches (20 to 25 cm). Add a handful of bulb food or bone meal at planting time and water well. Keep watering weekly, if it doesn't rain, until the ground freezes. Feed again when the leaves emerge in the spring.

The foliage needs to be allowed to continue growing after the petals drop to feed the bulb. However, the flower stalks can be removed to prevent them from setting seed and stealing energy from the bulb. Once the leaves die back, they will pull easily from the soil. The bulbs prefer to be on the dry side during summer dormancy. Feed each spring, when the leaves first appear.

If you have trouble getting your tulips to come back each year, it could be because the winter is not cold enough, the summer is too wet, or something has eaten the bulbs. Whatever the reason, you may prefer to grow your tulips as annuals, replanting each fall. It's a bit more work, but you won't need holes as deep as perennialized planting. See more at: How to Grow and Care for Tulips.


Native to the Pontic coast of Turkey.


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