Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn.
Mimosa Bush, Needle Bush, Cassie, Cassie Flower, Ellington Curse, Fragrant Acacia, Farnese Wattle, Huisache, Ironwood, Mimosa Bush, Opopanax, Prickly, Prickly Moses, Prickly Mimosa, Scented Wattle, Sweet Acacia, Sweet Wattle, Thorny Acacia, Yellow Mimosa, Briar Bush, Dead Finish, Downs Mimosa, False Mesquite, Mimosa Wattle, Perfumed Wattle, Sponge Flower
Mimosa farnesiana, Acacia farnesiana, Acacia minuta, Acacia smallii, Pithecellobium minutum, Vachellia densiflora
Color: Yellow to orange
Bloom Time: Fall to spring
Vachellia farnesiana is a spreading shrub that grows to 9.8 feet (3 m) tall. Branches are usually grey-brown with prominent white spots and grow in a zigzag shape. The yellowish-green to pure green leaves are ferny with 1 to 6 pairs of leaf "branches," each with 5 to 20 pairs of narrow, rounded, and up to 0.3 inches (8 mm) long leaflets. Thorns are found in pairs at each leaf's base and grow up to 4 inches (10 cm) long. The golden yellow to orange flowers are ball-shaped, up to 0.4 inches (1 cm) wide, and appear on stalks. Flowering occurs throughout the year but is most abundant from fall to spring.
How to Grow and Care
Acacia requires full sunlight and grows in nearly any soil, including sand, clay, or highly alkaline or acidic soil. Although Acacia prefers well-drained soil, it tolerates muddy soil for short periods. Acacia is a plant-it-and-forget-it type of tree, although a young tree may need protection from wildlife while developing its defense system. During the first year, the tree benefits from an orchid fertilizer every three to four weeks. After that time, you can feed the tree a general-purpose fertilizer once every year, but it isn't an absolute requirement. Acacia requires little or no water.
Acacia may need occasional pruning during the dry months. Avoid pruning leafy, green areas, and trim only dead growth.
Although the tree is disease-resistant, it can sometimes be affected by a fungal disease known as anthracnose. Additionally, watch for pests such as aphids, thrips, mites, and scale. See more at: How to Grow and Care for Acacia.
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