Viola arvensis (European Field Pansy)

Scientific Name

Viola arvensis Murray

Common Names

Field Pansy, European Field Pansy


Viola arvensis subsp. arvensis, Mnemion arvense, Viola tricolor var. arvensis

Scientific Classification

Family: Violaceae
Subfamily: Violoideae
Tribe: Violeae
Genus: Viola


Color: Creamy-white
Bloom Time: April to October


Viola arvensis is an herbaceous annual plant that grows up to 8 inches (20 cm) tall. Leaves are oval, deeply toothed, but not heart-shaped. Its five-petalled, creamy-white face has a golden-orange flush on the lower petal, and the familiar pansy lines run into its throat. Flowers, sometimes tinged with purple, are up to 0.6 inches (1.5 cm) across. It blooms from April to October.

Viola arvensis - European Field Pansy
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It is grown as an annual plant, so it has no USDA hardiness zone.

How to Grow and Care

Viola plants prefer cool to warm climates and wilt a bit in mid-summer heat. In warmer areas, we recommend partial shade. They tolerate a variety of soils. Add a general-purpose fertilizer when planting them, then once a month after that. Once your Viola plants are established, they should grow well, even if left unattended. Soil should be moist, but not wet. Water them during dry periods, once or twice per week. Keep them well, weeded. Remove spent blooms to promote additional blooms and extend the blooming period. This will also keep the appearance neat and beautiful.

Violas are grown from seeds. They like full to partial sun. Viola can be directly seeded into your flower garden or seeded indoors for transplanting later. You need to start your Viola in pots and containers indoors six to eight weeks before the last frost for spring blooms. See more at: How to Grow and Care for Violas.


Native to Europe, western Asia, and North Africa.


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