Coffea canephora (Robusta Coffee)

Scientific Name

Coffea canephora Pierre ex A.Froehner

Common Names

Robusta Coffee


Coffea arabica var. stuhlmannii, Coffea bukobensis, Coffea laurentii, Coffea maclaudii, Coffea quillon, Coffea robusta, Coffea ugandae, Coffea welwitschii

Scientific Classification

Family: Rubiaceae
Tribe: Coffeeae
Genus: Coffea


Color: White
Bloom Time: Mid-spring


Coffea canephora is a flowering plant that grows as a robust tree or shrub up to 33 feet (10 m) tall. It blooms irregularly, taking about 10 to 11 months for cherries to ripen, producing oval-shaped beans. Flowers are fragrant, star-shaped, and white.

Coffea canephora (Robusta Coffee)
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USDA Hardiness Zone 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Coffee Plants prefer bright but indirect light. This means that they should be placed near a window but not directly in the window itself. They also cannot take temperatures below freezing and will not do well in temperatures that stay consistently below 65°F (18°C). Keep them away from drafts in the winter.

When growing Coffee Plants, the soil needs to stay moist but not soaking wet. Also, make sure that both the soil and the pot your coffee plant is growing in has good drainage. The humidity around the plant will need to stay high as well. Setting your Coffee Plant on a water-filled pebble tray will help with humidity. Like many houseplants, a coffee plant will need less water in the winter than in the summer.

Your Coffee Plant care routine can also include light fertilizing with a balanced fertilizer once every 2 to 3 months in the spring and summer. Keep in mind that a happy Coffee Plant can grow up to 6 feet (1.8 m) tall. Therefore, provide enough space for the plant or make pruning a regular part of caring for your Coffee Plant. If you choose to prune your Coffee Plant, the best time is early spring. See more at How to Grow and Care for Coffee Plants at Home.


It is native to central and western sub-Saharan Africa.


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